By: Dr Vaitheeswaran Thiruvengadam Lecturer , Department of Aquaculture, DMI St.John the Baptist University, Mangochi Campus, Republic of Malawi, Central Africa
Malawi have unique and rich biodiversity fauna and flora and different ecosystems which are attibuted to its diversified environment, loams and topograph, hitherto little is known of their disseminations or habitat relationships. According to Enviromental Affairs Departmant was estimated that the fourty seven species of the one hundred and seventy two species of molluscs, tweleve species of reptles, seventen species of amphibians, exclusively frogs, are endemic to Malawi. Louda et al. (1983) has reviewed the Lake Malawi were estimated 19 number of species of shallow-water gastropods in which have a marked vertical distribution pattern. Brown (1994) have highlighting the members of the genus Bulinus are hermaphroditic planorbid snails and its genus includes 37 recognized species distributed in the tropic/sub-tropic regions fo the world including Africa, Meiterranean and parts of the Middle East countries. Microhabitat studies on the gastropods variations in abundance has been linked with physico-chemical parameters, including pH, dissolved salt concentrations, turbidity, O2,temperature, substrate type and depthwise of Lake Malawi are dealt with by Appleton (1978), Brown (1994), Michel (1994), Stothard et al. (2002). Madsen et al. (2006) has reviewed that the important intermediate host snail, B. globosus primarily is originate and spread cape Maclear Island. Interesting note that, in mid-1980’s, he suggested that the lake started to appear. The present investigation focuses on the geographical distribution and habitats of this group and sample have observed in Cape Maclear Island, Republic of Malawi, and Central Africa.
The occurrence of the present specimen Bulinus globosus (Fig. 1) was made on nearshore sites in and around Cape Maclear on the northwestern part of the Nankumba Peninsula, Lake Malawi (part of Lake Malawi National Park).
The second deepest lake in Africa. It is third largest lake in the world by volume and the ninth largest by surface area. The lake is bordered by western Mozambique, eastern Malawi, and Tanzania. Five shoreline villages, Chembe, Chimphamba, Mvunguti, Zambo and Chidzale, are included within enclaves in the park. According to Centers for Disease Control (2005) has been reported to in and around of Cape Maclear is a World Heritage site and is visited by many tourists every year. Inappropriately, many visitors were infected with schistosomes were reported by United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to warn against visiting Lake Malawi.
Bulinus globosus (Morelet, 1866)
Bulinus globosus Madsen et al. (2006).
Figure 1: Bulinus globosus
The total length of specimen was 10 cm and weighing about 40 gm. Malawi, South of the Sahara, Southeast Asia, Middle East, Africa, and South America. The present specimen spread might also occur in Kenya and Tanzanian coastal regions adjacent.
More or less pronounced spiral sculpture; full-grown shells 15-20 mm high; columella as a rule with a distinct truncation. Clean and fresh shells usually glossy and of a light brownish colour.
The new investigation data are required about the geographical dispersal and show the status of potential gastropods in Cape Maclear island in order to a fully empahtetic of the distribution of species. Further research is essential into its population dynamics and stock assessment of gastropods and bivalves, ecology (especially in temperature) and latent conservation actions also essential of Cape Maclear Island,Malawi.