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THE EXPLOITATION OF POOLS FOR AQUACULTURE PRODUCTION IN NIGER

Despite the Sahelian African climate prevailing in the area, local farmers in Niger have developed an original method of fish farming in temporary pools located on their land, allowing the annual production of several tens of tons of fish.

Villagers in Niger have ponds on their land that are described as temporary on a scale of one or more years; 15 of them remain in water for an average of 7 months or over a longer period, averaging between 10 and 12 months. Supplied only by rainwater, these ponds form an independent hydrographic network that covers an area of several hundred hectares at the end of the filling process.

The recent establishment of a fish farming system in Sahel Africa, through the development of fish farming in Niger, has highlighted the existence of fish farming practices in the African Sahel countries. Despite the Sahelian climate in the area, local farmers have developed an original way of farming fish in temporary pools located on their land allowing the annual production of several tens of tons of Tilapia fish and African cats.

This innovative technique, which is a local initiative of local NGOs, is based on poisoning the area’s seasonal pools with Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). The breeding is spread over the entire rainy season. This period of breeding is defined by the pond management committee with the support of NGOs.

This technique is a good example of rural, local development that should normally be exploited for all other countries in the African Sahel, which suffer from water shortage, in order to exploit ponds in aquaculture production and thus contribute to food security, and generate income in this part of Africa.

 

 

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