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Promoting aquaculture in Mozambique

In southern Africa’s Mozambique, overall aquaculture production experienced a decline in the last decade. This decline is mainly due to high production costs and poor production techniques in the country. Nevertheless, some promising FAO initiatives promoting fish farming as a source of employment and livelihoods are underway in the country.

Traditionally, the Mozambican aquaculture sector is comprised of many small-scale extensive fish farms. Production is mainly destined for consumption by the fish farmers and their families, although some surpluses are sold, generally close to the village. Inland aquaculture production in Mozambique is currently low, estimated to total some 200t of fish per year.

The production comes from about 9 000 predominantly subsistence level ponds, mainly in Manica, Sofala, Zambezia, Niassa and Tete Provinces. Production falls well short of demand, which has been growing rapidly in recent years, especially in towns but also in rural areas. The supplies of marine fish such as mackerel have been expanding, but they are not able to meet demand and provide relatively limited quantities in inland areas.

In Mozambique, the main farmed species at a subsistence level is Oerochromis mosambicus, which is suitable and well adapted to the biophysical conditions in the country, including those in the Manica and Sofala provinces.

Source: FAO.

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