If there is an effective remedy against malnutrition in Africa, it is spirulina. This product, which some observers describe as superfood, is rich in protein, antioxidants, iron and vitamins, making it a formidable weapon in the fight against malnutrition in Africa.
Blue-green, called « blue algae », spirulina is a cyanobacterium, a food presented as the richest in the world after breast milk. It could help defeat malnutrition in Africa. Its culture is strongly encouraged on the continent.
Spirulina is one of the first forms of life appeared on Earth, 3.6 billion years ago, this microscopic freshwater alga is in the form of a spiral. It can be consumed in juices, in meals or in tablets. « It is a food that can bring energy, restore equilibrium. In addition to the energy we bring, we detoxify the liver, we strengthen the immune system. It’s really a health food, but it’s still a food, it’s not a medicine, « says Olivier Charmont, spirulinier.
According to statistics, in 2050, the planet Earth will have 10 billion mouths to feed. At present, 1 in 9 people do not have enough to eat, that is 600 million people. Of these, 159 million children under the age of five suffer from malnutrition worldwide and 3.1 million children are swept away by this plague each year. The stunting of malnutrition in developing countries is estimated at 1 in 3 children.
One of the solutions to the fight against extreme poverty and malnutrition remains the highly nutritious alternative proteins such as spirulina, a food supplement with high nutritional value (vitamins and minerals) to significantly improve the diet of populations in situation malnutrition, starvation or various deficiencies.
In Africa, this miracle alga could help fight against child malnutrition in the poorest regions, by encouraging the production of spirulina on local farms.
50 to 70% protein
Only popular in the West since the early 2000s, spirulina has been consumed for several centuries in Latin America but also in several African countries. For example, women in Chad have been using this small, miracle algae for centuries against malnutrition.
Indeed, spirulina is considered a superfood. This microalga concentrates no less than 50 to 70% protein and is very rich in amino acids, antioxidants, vitamins, iron.
Beyond its health benefits, spirulina is also an asset for athletes. The United Nations (UN) already presented it in 1974 as « a food of the future ».